Gene description for DDC
Gene name dopa decarboxylase (aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase)
Gene symbol DDC
Other names/aliases AADC
Species Homo sapiens
 Database cross references - DDC
Vesiclepedia VP_1644
ExoCarta ExoCarta_1644
Entrez Gene 1644
HGNC 2719
MIM 107930
 DDC identified in extracellular vesicles derived from the following tissue/cell type
Glioblastoma cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 23344721   
Glioblastoma cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 23344721   
Melanoma cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 23344721   
Melanoma cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 23344721   
Mesenchymal stem cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 19389847   
Neuroblastoma cells [Exosomes]      More >>> 25053844   
Urine [Exosomes]      More >>> 19056867   
Urine [Exosomes/Membrane particles]      More >>> 19158352   
Urine [Exosomes/Membrane vesicles]      More >>> 22106071   
Urine [Exosomes]      More >>> 22418980   
Urine [Exosomes]      More >>> 22418980   
Urine [Exosomes/Membrane vesicles]      More >>> 23376485   
Urine [Exosomes]      More >>> 25471207   
 Experiment description of studies that identified DDC in extracellular vesicles
1
Experiment ID494
Identified moleculemRNA
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Microarray
PubMed ID 23344721   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionmiR-1289 and Zipcode-like Sequence Enrich mRNAs in Microvesicles.
AuthorsBolukbasi MF, Mizrak A, Ozdener GB, Madlener S, Ströbel T, Erkan EP, Fan JB, Breakefield XO, Saydam O.
Journal name Mol Ther Nucleic Acids
Publication year2012
SampleGlioblastoma cells
Sample namePrimary glioblastoma multiforme cells (11/5)
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studymRNA
Methods used in the studyMicroarray
EV-TRACK -
2
Experiment ID495
Identified moleculemRNA
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Microarray
PubMed ID 23344721   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionmiR-1289 and Zipcode-like Sequence Enrich mRNAs in Microvesicles.
AuthorsBolukbasi MF, Mizrak A, Ozdener GB, Madlener S, Ströbel T, Erkan EP, Fan JB, Breakefield XO, Saydam O.
Journal name Mol Ther Nucleic Acids
Publication year2012
SampleGlioblastoma cells
Sample namePrimary glioblastoma multiforme cells (20/3)
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studymRNA
Methods used in the studyMicroarray
EV-TRACK -
3
Experiment ID496
Identified moleculemRNA
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Microarray
PubMed ID 23344721   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionmiR-1289 and Zipcode-like Sequence Enrich mRNAs in Microvesicles.
AuthorsBolukbasi MF, Mizrak A, Ozdener GB, Madlener S, Ströbel T, Erkan EP, Fan JB, Breakefield XO, Saydam O.
Journal name Mol Ther Nucleic Acids
Publication year2012
SampleMelanoma cells
Sample namePrimary malignant melanoma cells (0105)
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studymRNA
Methods used in the studyMicroarray
EV-TRACK -
4
Experiment ID497
Identified moleculemRNA
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Microarray
PubMed ID 23344721   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionmiR-1289 and Zipcode-like Sequence Enrich mRNAs in Microvesicles.
AuthorsBolukbasi MF, Mizrak A, Ozdener GB, Madlener S, Ströbel T, Erkan EP, Fan JB, Breakefield XO, Saydam O.
Journal name Mol Ther Nucleic Acids
Publication year2012
SampleMelanoma cells
Sample namePrimary malignant melanoma cells (0664)
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studymRNA
Methods used in the studyMicroarray
EV-TRACK -
5
Experiment ID394
Identified moleculemRNA
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Microarray
PubMed ID 19389847   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionMesenchymal stem cell-derived microvesicles protect against acute tubular injury.
AuthorsBruno S, Grange C, Deregibus MC, Calogero RA, Saviozzi S, Collino F, Morando L, Busca A, Falda M, Bussolati B, Tetta C, Camussi G.
Journal name J Am Soc Nephrol
Publication year2009
SampleMesenchymal stem cells
Sample nameNormal-Mesenchymal stem cells
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studymRNA
Methods used in the studyMicroarray
EV-TRACK -
6
Experiment ID903
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25053844   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionActivity-associated miRNA are packaged in Map1b-enriched exosomes released from depolarized neurons
AuthorsGoldie BJ, Dun MD, Lin M, Smith ND, Verrills NM, Dayas CV, Cairns MJ.
Journal name Nucleic Acids Res
Publication year2014
SampleNeuroblastoma cells
Sample nameSH-SY5Y
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
Filtration
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
Western blotting
EV-TRACK EV140076: EV-METRIC:38%
7
Experiment ID63
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 19056867   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionLarge-scale proteomics and phosphoproteomics of urinary exosomes.
AuthorsGonzales PA, Pisitkun T, Hoffert JD, Tchapyjnikov D, Star RA, Kleta R, Wang NS, Knepper MA
Journal name JASN
Publication year2009
SampleUrine
Sample nameUrine - Normal
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
Western blotting
EV-TRACK -
8
Experiment ID390
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes/Membrane particles
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 19158352   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionCharacterization of PKD protein-positive exosome-like vesicles.
AuthorsHogan MC, Manganelli L, Woollard JR, Masyuk AI, Masyuk TV, Tammachote R, Huang BQ, Leontovich AA, Beito TG, Madden BJ, Charlesworth MC, Torres VE, LaRusso NF, Harris PC, Ward CJ.
Journal name J Am Soc Nephrol
Publication year2009
SampleUrine
Sample namePatients of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease-Urine
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK -
9
Experiment ID437
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes/Membrane vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 22106071   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic analysis of urine exosomes by multidimensional protein identification technology (MudPIT).
AuthorsWang Z, Hill S, Luther JM, Hachey DL, Schey KL.
Journal name Proteomics
Publication year2012
SampleUrine
Sample nameNormal donors-Urine
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK EV120168: EV-METRIC:14%
10
Experiment ID444
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 22418980   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionA multiplex quantitative proteomics strategy for protein biomarker studies in urinary exosomes.
AuthorsRaj DA, Fiume I, Capasso G, Pocsfalvi G.
Journal name Kidney Int
Publication year2012
SampleUrine
Sample nameNormal_high density-Urine
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK EV120083: EV-METRIC:22%
11
Experiment ID445
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 22418980   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionA multiplex quantitative proteomics strategy for protein biomarker studies in urinary exosomes.
AuthorsRaj DA, Fiume I, Capasso G, Pocsfalvi G.
Journal name Kidney Int
Publication year2012
SampleUrine
Sample nameNormal_low density-Urine
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK EV120083: EV-METRIC:22%
12
Experiment ID498
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes/Membrane vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 23376485   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic analysis of podocyte exosome-enriched fraction from normal human urine.
AuthorsPrunotto M, Farina A, Lane L, Pernin A, Schifferli J, Hochstrasser DF, Lescuyer P, Moll S.
Journal name J Proteomics
Publication year2013
SampleUrine
Sample nameNormal-Urine
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK EV130051: EV-METRIC:38%
13
Experiment ID725
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25471207   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionIntraluminal proteome and peptidome of human urinary extracellular vesicles.
AuthorsLiu X, Chinello C, Musante L, Cazzaniga M, Tataruch D, Calzaferri G, James Smith A, De Sio G, Magni F, Zou H, Holthofer H.
Journal name Proteomics Clin Appl.
Publication year2015
SampleUrine
Sample nameNormal crude urine- Trypsinized
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Hydrostatic filtration dialysis
Ultrafiltration
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK EV140189: EV-METRIC:25%