Gene description for TOR4A
Gene name torsin family 4, member A
Gene symbol TOR4A
Other names/aliases C9orf167
Species Homo sapiens
 Database cross references - TOR4A
Vesiclepedia VP_54863
ExoCarta ExoCarta_54863
Entrez Gene 54863
HGNC 25981
 TOR4A identified in extracellular vesicles derived from the following tissue/cell type
Brain cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Breast cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Breast cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Breast cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells [Exosomes]      More >>> 26100252   
Colorectal cancer cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 19930720   
Colorectal cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Colorectal cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Glioblastoma cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 19011622   
Kidney cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Leukemia cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Leukemia cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Leukemia cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Lung cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Melanoma cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Melanoma cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Melanoma cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Melanoma cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Ovarian cancer cells [Extracellular vesicles]      More >>> 27894104   
Plasma [Microparticles]      More >>> 23056467   
Platelets [Microparticles]      More >>> 16212402   
Seminal plasma [Prostasomes]      More >>> 23707955   
Umblical cord mesenchymal stem cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 29148239   
Umblical cord mesenchymal stem cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 29148239   
Umblical cord mesenchymal stem cells [Microvesicles]      More >>> 29148239   
 Experiment description of studies that identified TOR4A in extracellular vesicles
1
Experiment ID581
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleBrain cancer cells
Sample nameSF268
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
2
Experiment ID577
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleBreast cancer cells
Sample nameMCF7
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
3
Experiment ID578
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleBreast cancer cells
Sample nameMDA-MB-231
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
4
Experiment ID579
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleBreast cancer cells
Sample nameMDA-MB-468
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
5
Experiment ID902
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExosomes
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 26100252   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionExosomes released by chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells induce the transition of stromal cells into cancer-associated fibroblasts
AuthorsPaggetti J, Haderk F, Seiffert M, Janji B, Distler U, Ammerlaan W, Kim YJ, Adam J, Lichter P, Solary E, Berchem G, Moussay E.
Journal name Blood
Publication year2015
SampleChronic lymphocytic leukemia cells
Sample nameMEC-1
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Filtration
Ultracentrifugation
Density gradient centrifugation
Flotation density1.15-1.17 g/mL
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
FACS
Western blotting
EV-TRACK EV150015: EV-METRIC:22%, 44%
6
Experiment ID303
Identified moleculemrna
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Microarray [Illumina]
PubMed ID 19930720   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionColorectal cancer cell-derived microvesicles are enriched in cell cycle-related mRNAs that promote proliferation of endothelial cells
AuthorsHong BS, Cho JH, Kim H, Choi EJ, Rho S, Kim J, Kim JH, Choi DS, Kim YK, Hwang D, Gho YS
Journal name BMC Genomics
Publication year2009
SampleColorectal cancer cells
Sample nameSW480
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Ultrafiltration
OptiPrep density gradient
Flotation density1.09 g/mL
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
mRNA
Methods used in the studyWestern blotting
RT-PCR
Microarray [Illumina]
EV-TRACK -
7
Experiment ID588
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleColorectal cancer cells
Sample nameHCC 2998
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
8
Experiment ID590
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleColorectal cancer cells
Sample nameHCT-15
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
9
Experiment ID203
Identified moleculemrna
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Microarray
PubMed ID 19011622   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionGlioblastoma microvesicles transport RNA and proteins that promote tumour growth and provide diagnostic biomarkers
AuthorsSkog J, Wüer T, van Rijn S, Meijer DH, Gainche L, Sena-Esteves M, Curry WT Jr, Carter BS, Krichevsky AM, Breakefield XO
Journal name Nat Cell Biol
Publication year2008
SampleGlioblastoma cells
Sample nameGlioblastoma cells
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
Filtration
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
miRNA
mRNA
Methods used in the studyRT-PCR
Antibody array
Microarray
EV-TRACK -
10
Experiment ID595
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleKidney cancer cells
Sample nameA498
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
11
Experiment ID604
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleLeukemia cells
Sample nameK562
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
12
Experiment ID605
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleLeukemia cells
Sample nameMOLT-4
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
13
Experiment ID606
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleLeukemia cells
Sample nameRPMI-8226
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
14
Experiment ID615
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleLung cancer cells
Sample nameNCI-H460
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
15
Experiment ID617
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleMelanoma cells
Sample nameLOX IMVI
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
16
Experiment ID619
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleMelanoma cells
Sample nameMALME-3M
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
17
Experiment ID620
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleMelanoma cells
Sample nameMDA-MB-435
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
18
Experiment ID621
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleMelanoma cells
Sample nameSK-MEL-2
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
19
Experiment ID626
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeExtracellular vesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
PubMed ID 27894104   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProteomic profiling of NCI-60 extracellular vesicles uncovers common protein cargo and cancer type-specific biomarkers.
AuthorsHurwitz SN, Rider MA, Bundy JL, Liu X, Singh RK, Meckes DG Jr.
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year2016
SampleOvarian cancer cells
Sample nameIGROV1
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Polymer-based precipitation
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry [LTQ]
EV-TRACK -
20
Experiment ID473
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeMicroparticles
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 23056467   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionCause or Effect of Arteriogenesis: Compositional Alterations of Microparticles from CAD Patients Undergoing External Counterpulsation Therapy.
AuthorsAl Kaabi A, Traupe T, Stutz M, Buchs N, Heller M.
Journal name PLoS One
Publication year2012
SamplePlasma
Sample namePatients of external counterpulsation therapy-Blood
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK -
21
Experiment ID369
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeMicroparticles
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 16212402   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionThe platelet microparticle proteome.
AuthorsGarcia BA, Smalley DM, Cho H, Shabanowitz J, Ley K, Hunt DF.
Journal name J Proteome Res
Publication year2005
SamplePlatelets
Sample nameNormal donors-Platelets
Isolation/purification methods-
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK -
22
Experiment ID1138
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeProstasomes
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 23707955   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionProstasomes from four different species are able to produce extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
AuthorsRonquist KG, Ek B, Morrell J, Stavreus-Evers A, Ströolst B, Humblot P, Ronquist G, Larsson A.
Journal name Biochim Biophys Acta
Publication year2013
SampleSeminal plasma
Sample namenormal male
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
Density gradient centrifugation
Flotation density1-1.5 g/mL
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK EV130152: EV-METRIC:14%, 14%
23
Experiment ID680
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 29148239   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionMetabolic Signature of Microvesicles from Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells of Preterm and Term Infants.
AuthorsBruschi M, Santucci L, Ravera S, Bartolucci M, Petretto A, Calzia D, Ghiggeri GM, Ramenghi LA, Candiano G, Panfoli I.
Journal name Proteomics Clin Appl
Publication year2018
SampleUmblical cord mesenchymal stem cells
Sample namePreterm newborns- replicate 1
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
Sonication
Filtration
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK -
24
Experiment ID681
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 29148239   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionMetabolic Signature of Microvesicles from Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells of Preterm and Term Infants.
AuthorsBruschi M, Santucci L, Ravera S, Bartolucci M, Petretto A, Calzia D, Ghiggeri GM, Ramenghi LA, Candiano G, Panfoli I.
Journal name Proteomics Clin Appl
Publication year2018
SampleUmblical cord mesenchymal stem cells
Sample namePreterm newborns- replicate 2
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
Sonication
Filtration
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK -
25
Experiment ID682
Identified moleculeprotein
Extracellular vesicle typeMicrovesicles
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 29148239   
OrganismHomo sapiens
Experiment descriptionMetabolic Signature of Microvesicles from Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells of Preterm and Term Infants.
AuthorsBruschi M, Santucci L, Ravera S, Bartolucci M, Petretto A, Calzia D, Ghiggeri GM, Ramenghi LA, Candiano G, Panfoli I.
Journal name Proteomics Clin Appl
Publication year2018
SampleUmblical cord mesenchymal stem cells
Sample namePreterm newborns- replicate 3
Isolation/purification methodsDifferential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
Sonication
Filtration
Flotation density-
Molecules identified in the studyProtein
Methods used in the studyMass spectrometry
EV-TRACK -